Subotica lakes and sandy terrain

Year of compilation: 2000

Site description
Situated in the far north-east of Backa, in the vicinity of Subotica. Numerous wetlands are present, with extensive reedbeds and aquatic vegetation: Palièko jezero, Ludjaško jezero, Kapetanjski rit (now a fish-pond) and Velebit reservoir. The sandy ground in Selevenjske pustare and Mali pesak supports a complex of wooded steppe, steppe, and plant communities of sandy ground. Human activities include sport-fishing; recreational tourism has been developed at Palièko jezero and Ludjaško jezero. This site includes former sites YU032 and YU033 from the previous pan-European IBA inventory (Grimmett and Jones 1989).

Key biodiversity
This is an important site for breeding and passage waterbirds, and breeding species of open grassland/shrub habitats. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Oxyura leucocephala (last bred 1947; 1-2 on passage and in winter).

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Threats include nutrient-enrichment and pollution (`Other' threat), erosion and disturbance. Members of the Bird Protection and Study Society of Vojvodina undertook intensive ornithological research between 1985 and 1997. Artificial nest-cavities are provided for Otus scops. A management plan exists for the site.

Protected areas
National Low International Low387 ha of IBA covered by Special Nature Reserve (Ludaško jezero, 387 ha). 677 ha of IBA covered by Special Nature Reserve (Selevenjske pustare, 677 ha). 712 ha of IBA covered by Regional Nature Park (Paliè, 712 ha). 593 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Ludaško Lake, 593 ha).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Subotica lakes and sandy terrain. Downloaded from on 16/09/2019.