Stepa Saraiu - Horea This is an IBA in Danger! 

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2007 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus LC breeding 1990-2006 20-24 breeding pairs C6
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus NT passage 1990-2006 60-70 individuals C1, C6
European Roller Coracias garrulus LC breeding 1990-2006 10-20 breeding pairs C1
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus VU breeding 1990-2006 24-40 breeding pairs C1, C6
Merlin Falco columbarius LC winter 1990-2006 12-15 individuals C6
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug EN passage 1990-2006 1-2 individuals C1
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra LC breeding 1990-2006 1,200-1,400 breeding pairs C6
Barred Warbler Curruca nisoria LC breeding 1990-2006 20-30 breeding pairs C6
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris LC breeding 1990-2006 1,000-1,200 breeding pairs C6

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2007).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2016 not assessed very high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
no unset medium

State (condition of the trigger species' populations)
Scientific name Common name Reference population Actual population Units % of population remaining Result
Falco vespertinus Red-footed Falcon 12 10 breeding pairs 84 near favourable
Falco cherrug Saker Falcon 2 0 breeding pairs 0 very unfavourable

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland 0 0 very poor (< 40%) very poor (< 40%) very unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Stepa Saraiu - Horea Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 4,127 protected area overlaps with site 3,908
Dunărea Veche - Brațul Măcin Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 19,012 protected area is adjacent to site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land -
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Stepa Saraiu - Horea. Downloaded from on 05/12/2023.