ZA012
Steenkampsberg This is an IBA in danger! 


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1998

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Striped Flufftail Sarothrura affinis LC resident 1998 present A3
White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi CR non-breeding 1998 6-12 individuals A1, A4i
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus VU resident - 4 breeding pairs A1
Blue Crane Anthropoides paradiseus VU resident - present A1
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus VU resident 1998 30-40 breeding pairs A1, A3, A4i
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus VU non-breeding - 100-350 individuals A4i
Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus NT resident - present A1
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC winter - 1,000-3,000 individuals A1, A4ii
Rudd's Lark Heteromirafra ruddi EN resident 1998 present A1, A2, A3
Buff-streaked Chat Campicoloides bifasciatus LC resident 1998 present A1, A3
Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi NT resident 1998 present A3
Yellow-breasted Pipit Hemimacronyx chloris VU resident 1998 present A1, A2, A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 very high unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - subsistence/artisinal aquaculture happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution air-borne pollutants - smog happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution excess energy - light pollution happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution garbage & solid waste likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Grassland Grassland - highveld 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) Riverine floodplains 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Verloren Vallei Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 6,008 protected area contained by site 5,922
Verloren Valei Nature Reserve Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 9,160 protected area contained by site 5,891
Tobe Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 628 protected area contained by site 0
Langkloof Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 597 protected area contained by site 0
Kleinsuikerboskop Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 1,620 protected area contained by site 0
Houtenbek Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 3,593 protected area contained by site 0
Greater Lakenvlei Protected Environment Protected Environment 1,412,325 protected area contained by site 0
Davel Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 1,305 protected area contained by site 0
Cecilia Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 601 protected area contained by site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Grassland - highveld -
Wetlands (inland) Riverine floodplains -
Forest -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
water management -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Steenkampsberg. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/01/2022.