DE136
Spreewald


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2002

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus LC winter 1997 230 individuals C2
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus LC breeding 1990-1999 1-2 breeding pairs C6
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons LC passage 1990-1999 18,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Gadwall Mareca strepera LC passage 1990-1999 493 individuals B1i, C3
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana LC breeding 1990-1999 10-75 breeding pairs B1i, B3, C6
Common Crane Grus grus LC passage 1990-1999 1,200 individuals B1i, C2
Common Crane Grus grus LC breeding 1990-1999 40-45 breeding pairs C6
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC breeding 1990-1999 2-4 breeding pairs C6
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC breeding 1990-1999 104 breeding pairs B2, C6
Ruff Calidris pugnax LC passage 1997 300 individuals C6
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola LC passage 1997 600 individuals C6
Black Tern Chlidonias niger LC passage 1997 100 individuals C2, C6
Osprey Pandion haliaetus LC passage 1997 10 individuals C6
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus LC breeding 1990-1999 5 breeding pairs C6
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla LC winter 1990-1999 35 individuals C6
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla LC breeding 2001 2-3 breeding pairs B2
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis LC breeding 1990-1999 5-25 breeding pairs C6
Picus canus NR breeding 1990-1999 2-4 breeding pairs C6
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius LC breeding 1990-1999 40-60 breeding pairs C6
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius LC breeding 1990-1999 160-180 breeding pairs B3, C6
Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos LC breeding 1990-1999 800-1,300 breeding pairs B3
Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana LC breeding 1990-1999 30-50 breeding pairs C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Wutschgerogge Nature Reserve 8 protected area contained by site 8
Wiesenau Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 135 protected area contained by site 135
Wiesenau Nature Reserve 135 protected area contained by site 135
Wald- und Seengebiet zwischen Schwielochsee, Lieberose und Spreewald Landscape Protection Area 3,678 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Vetschauer Mühlenfließ - Teiche Stradow Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 272 protected area contained by site 272
Verlandungszone Köthener See Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 66 protected area contained by site 66
Verlandungszone Köthener See Nature Reserve 66 protected area contained by site 66
Unterspreewald Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 2,521 protected area contained by site 2,521
Spreewald und Lieberoser Endmoräne Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 3,921 protected area overlaps with site 41,961
Spreewald UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 47,492 protected area contains site 47,344
Spreewald Landscape Protection Area 28,700 unknown 0
Spree Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 2,324 protected area overlaps with site 720
Sölla Nature Reserve 33 protected area contained by site 33
Ribocka Nature Reserve 50 protected area contained by site 50
Pretschener Spreeniederung Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 799 protected area contained by site 799
Nördliches Spreewaldrandgebiet Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 397 protected area overlaps with site 22
Niederung Börnichen Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 141 protected area contained by site 141
Neuendorfer Seewiesen Nature Reserve 68 protected area contained by site 68
Neu Zaucher Weinberg Nature Reserve 38 protected area contained by site 38
Meiereisee und Kriegbuschwiesen Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 117 protected area contained by site 117
Meiereisee Nature Reserve 25 protected area contained by site 25
Luchsee Nature Reserve 113 protected area contained by site 113
Luchsee Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 113 protected area contained by site 113
Lehniksberg Nature Reserve 13 protected area contained by site 13
Lehniksberg Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 13 protected area contained by site 13
Krumme Spree Landscape Protection Area 1,450 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Köthener See Landscape Protection Area 17 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Kockot Nature Reserve 287 protected area contained by site 287
Josinskyluch Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 172 protected area contained by site 172
Josinsky-Luch Nature Reserve 172 protected area contained by site 172
Innerer Unterspreewald Nature Reserve 2,231 protected area contained by site 2,233
Innerer Oberspreewald Nature Reserve 5,745 protected area contained by site 5,758
Innerer Oberspreewald Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 5,758 protected area contained by site 5,758
Heideseen Nature Reserve 239 protected area contained by site 239
Heideseen Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 239 protected area contained by site 239
Hain Lübben Nature Reserve 18 protected area contained by site 18
Erweiterung Josinskyluch - Krumme Spree Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 68 protected area contained by site 68
Erweiterung Heideseen Verlandungszone Köthener See - westlicher T Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 229 protected area contained by site 229
Ellerborn, Riebocka und Ragower Niederungswiesen Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 665 protected area contained by site 665
Ellerborn Nature Reserve 57 protected area contained by site 57
Dahme-Heideseen Nature Park 59,115 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Dahme-Heideseen Landscape Protection Area 56,651 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Byhleguhrer See Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 853 protected area contained by site 853
Byhleguhrer See Nature Reserve 853 protected area contained by site 853
Bukoitza Nature Reserve 15 protected area contained by site 15
Brasinski-Luch Nature Reserve 12 protected area contained by site 12
Börnichen Nature Reserve 22 protected area contained by site 22
Birkenwald Nature Reserve 65 protected area contained by site 65
Biosphärenreservat Spreewald Landscape Protection Area 47,351 protected area overlaps with site 47,273
Bibersdorfer Wiesen Nature Reserve 16 protected area contained by site 16

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Mixed woodland, Alluvial and very wet forest -
Shrubland Scrub -
Grassland Humid grasslands -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Rivers and streams, Raised bogs, Water fringe vegetation, Fens, transition mires and springs -
Artificial/Terrestrial Highly improved re-seeded landscapes, Arable land, Perennial crops, orchards and groves, Forestry plantations, Urban parks and gardens, Other urban and industrial areas, Ruderal land -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
water management -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Spreewald. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/01/2020.