A rugged area dominated by phrygana with dispersed Quercus macrolepis. The inaccessible northern areas of the site are dominated by maquis. Human activities include livestock-farming, tourism and quarrying.
The site is important for breeding and passage raptors and also other migrants. Breeding birds include nine of the 21 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Mediterranean biome. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (non-breeding), Aquila clanga (non-breeding), Larus audouinii (non-breeding).
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/01/2023.