IL018
Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1994

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi LC resident 1991 present A3, B3
Garganey Spatula querquedula LC passage 1991 10,000 individuals B1i
Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse Pterocles lichtensteinii LC resident 1993 present A3
Common Crane Grus grus LC passage 1991 500 individuals A4i, B1i
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC passage 1991 3,771 individuals B1i
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC passage 1991 11,000 individuals B1i
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea LC passage 1991 1,000 individuals B1i
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus LC passage 1991 5,850 individuals B1i
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC passage 1991 300 individuals B1i
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris CR passage 1977 1 individuals A1, A4i
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis LC passage 1991 500 individuals A4i, B1i
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni NT passage 1991 5-80 individuals A1, B2
White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus LC winter 1991 1-80 individuals A1,B2
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus LC passage 1991 50,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Pallid Scops-owl Otus brucei LC winter 1991 3 individuals B3
Desert Tawny Owl Strix hadorami LC resident 1991 4-10 breeding pairs A3, B3
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus LC passage 1977-1988 363,200-851,598 individuals B2
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN passage 1977-1988 428-802 individuals B2
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU passage 1977-1988 64-90 individuals A1, B2
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU winter 1991 1-2 individuals B2
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes LC passage 1977-1988 16,280-49,836 individuals B2
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC passage 1977-1988 22 individuals A1, B2
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor VU breeding 1991 5-10 breeding pairs A3, B2
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus LC resident 1991 1 breeding pairs B2
Arabian Lark Eremalauda eremodites LC resident 1993 present A3
Arabian Babbler Argya squamiceps LC resident 1991 present A3, B3
Tristram's Starling Onychognathus tristramii LC resident 1991 10-50 breeding pairs B3
Tristram's Starling Onychognathus tristramii LC winter 1991 5,000 individuals B3
Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha LC resident 1991 present A3, B3
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus LC passage 1991 5,000 individuals B3
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus LC winter 1991 100 individuals B3
Sinai Rosefinch Carpodacus synoicus LC resident 1991 2-4 breeding pairs B2
Sinai Rosefinch Carpodacus synoicus LC winter 1991 20-50 individuals B2
Cinereous Bunting Emberiza cineracea NT passage 1991 15 individuals A1, B2
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes n/a passage 1977-1988 1,200,000 individuals A4iv, B1iv

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Zuqe Shayyarot Nature Reserve 14,089 protected area contained by site 0
Yotvata Nature Reserve 3,063 protected area contained by site 0
Yotvata Nature Reserve 3,064 protected area contained by site 3,064
Nehalim Gedolim Uqetura Nature Reserve 24,142 protected area overlaps with site 0
Massiv Elat Nature Reserve 38,433 protected area overlaps with site 39,123
Hof HaAlmogim BeElat Nature Reserve 9 protected area contained by site 9
Ha-Yam Ha-Deromi Be-Elat Nature Reserve 35 protected area contained by site 35
Biqat Timna Nature Reserve 2,610 protected area contained by site 2,610
Biqat Timna Nature Reserve 3,078 protected area contained by site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Desert -
Sea -
Coastline -
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
Shrubland -
Savanna -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/08/2020.