South Georgia - mainland, islands, islets and stacks

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2005

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Yellow-billed Pintail Anas georgica LC breeding 1987 1,000 breeding pairs A4i
King Penguin Aptenodytes patagonicus LC breeding 2002 45,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Gentoo Penguin Pygoscelis papua LC breeding 1987 10,500 breeding pairs A4ii
Macaroni Penguin Eudyptes chrysolophus VU breeding 2004 1,000,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Wilson's Storm-petrel Oceanites oceanicus LC breeding 1979 600,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Black-bellied Storm-petrel Fregetta tropica LC breeding 1979 10,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Wandering Albatross Diomedea exulans VU breeding 2004 2,857 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Light-mantled Albatross Phoebetria palpebrata NT breeding 1976 7,500 breeding pairs A4ii
Grey-headed Albatross Thalassarche chrysostoma EN breeding 2003-2004 77,436 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophris LC breeding 2003 90,600 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Northern Giant Petrel Macronectes halli LC breeding 1987 4,310 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Southern Giant Petrel Macronectes giganteus LC breeding 1987 5,000 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Cape Petrel Daption capense LC breeding 1987 10,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Blue Petrel Halobaena caerulea LC breeding 1979 70,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Antarctic Prion Pachyptila desolata LC breeding 1979 22,000,000 breeding pairs A4ii
White-chinned Petrel Procellaria aequinoctialis VU breeding 1979 2,000,000 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Common Diving-petrel Pelecanoides urinatrix LC breeding 1979 3,800,000 breeding pairs A4ii
South Georgia Diving-petrel Pelecanoides georgicus LC breeding 1979 2,000,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Imperial Shag Leucocarbo atriceps LC breeding 1997 10,322 breeding pairs A4i
Snowy Sheathbill Chionis albus LC breeding 1979 2,000 breeding pairs A4ii
Antarctic Tern Sterna vittata LC breeding 1979 2,500 breeding pairs A4i
Brown Skua Catharacta antarctica LC breeding 1979 1,000 breeding pairs A4ii
South Georgia Pipit Anthus antarcticus LC breeding 2004 3,000 breeding pairs A2

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands Marine Protected Area Marine Protected Area 107,000,000 protected area is adjacent to site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
Marine Intertidal -
Marine Neritic -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: South Georgia - mainland, islands, islets and stacks. Downloaded from on 28/11/2022.