Sources of Kuna and Shisha rivers

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2008 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Caucasian Grouse Lyrurus mlokosiewiczi NT resident 2007 100-150 males A1, A2, A3
Corncrake Crex crex LC breeding 2007 30-50 males A1
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus NT resident 2007 1-2 breeding pairs B2
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus LC breeding 2007 10-15 breeding pairs A3
Krueper's Nuthatch Sitta krueperi LC resident 2007 200-250 breeding pairs A1
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria LC breeding 2007 1-2 breeding pairs A3
Semi-collared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata LC breeding 2007 20-30 breeding pairs A1

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2008).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2007 not assessed low low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset medium

State (condition of the trigger species' populations)
Scientific name Common name Reference population Actual population Units % of population remaining Result
Lyrurus mlokosiewiczi Caucasian Grouse 100 100 males 100 favourable
Gypaetus barbatus Bearded Vulture 1 1 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation No management planning has taken place Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Western Caucasus World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 301,068 protected area overlaps with site 0
Turinyi Zakaznik 3,900 protected area overlaps with site 0
Psebaiskiy Zakaznik 37,400 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Kavkazsky Zapovednik 280,335 protected area overlaps with site 0
Kavkazskiy UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 295,700 protected area overlaps with site 0
Dahovskiy Zakaznik 23,000 protected area overlaps with site 1,500


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Native coniferous woodland -
Shrubland -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland -
Wetlands (inland) -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Inland cliffs -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Sources of Kuna and Shisha rivers. Downloaded from on 29/11/2023.