Songor Ramsar Site

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Western Reef-egret Egretta gularis LC non-breeding - 1,000 individuals A4i
Little Egret Egretta garzetta LC non-breeding - 4,500 individuals A4i
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC winter - 3,750 individuals A4i
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC non-breeding - 4,400 individuals A4i
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula LC winter - 3,000 individuals A4i
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea NT winter - 6,900 individuals A4i
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus LC winter - 10,100 individuals A4i
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia LC winter - 5,100 individuals A4i
Little Tern Sternula albifrons LC winter - 2,750 individuals A4i
Black Tern Chlidonias niger LC winter - 18,100 individuals A4i
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii LC winter - 650 individuals A4i
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC winter - 11,900 individuals A4i
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC winter - 5,100 individuals A4i
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus LC non-breeding - 2,600 individuals A4i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding - 50,000-99,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2019 high very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? No State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - intentional use: subsistence/sml scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - intentional use: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Egretta gularis 1000 17 individuals 2 very unfavourable
Egretta garzetta 4500 4 individuals 1 very unfavourable
Himantopus himantopus 4400 33 individuals 1 very unfavourable
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper 6900 96 individuals 2 very unfavourable
Tringa nebularia Common Greenshank 5100 85 individuals 2 very unfavourable
Thalasseus sandvicensis Sandwich Tern 5100 22 individuals 1 very unfavourable
Thalasseus maximus Royal Tern 2600 58 individuals 3 very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Songor Lagoon Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 28,740 protected area contains site 23,200
Songor UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 1,699 protected area overlaps with site 0

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
urban/industrial/transport -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Songor Ramsar Site. Downloaded from on 11/08/2022.