Siniyah Island

Country/territory: United Arab Emirates

IBA Criteria met: A1, A4, B3a, B3b (2017)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 1,000 ha

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2017 high near favourable low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
A flat island, 12 km × 1 km, situated 2 km north-east of Umm al Quwain town, and mainly composed of low sand-dunes, saltflats and some shallow hollows, with sparse salt-tolerant scrub. The sheltered inland side is much dissected by tidal inlets, with associated mudflats; apart from some mangrove Avicennia the island is tree-less. Tidal amplitude is 1 m. Khor al Beidah (site 005) lies opposite on the mainland.

Key biodiversity
See box for key species. The site is of global importance as one of the largest remaining colonies of Phalacrocorax nigrogularis in the world; numbers fluctuate annually and the site has never been aerially surveyed, so the cumulative breeding population over an entire season may be much higher.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: gazelles Gazella have been introduced, and there are now c.50-100 on the island, mostly G. gazella (V) with some G. dorcas arabica (V).

Data-sheet compiled by Colin Richardson.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Siniyah Island. Downloaded from on 07/08/2022.