A complex of wetlands along the south-east coast of Sicily, around the town of Catania, and including the following sites: Biviere di Lentini, a freshwater reservoir; Foce del Simeto, a river-mouth; Traversa di Ponte Barca, a stretch of the Simeto river. There are large reedbeds at Biviere di Lentini. The main land-uses are water-resource management at Biviere di Lentini (for domestic water-supply), and nature conservation at Foce del Simeto. The surrounding areas are largely agricultural.
A very important site for waterbirds while breeding (especially Aythya nyroca and herons), migrating (e.g. Plegadis falcinellus, Platalea leucorodia) and wintering. The site holds more than 20,000 waterbirds on a regular basis, with Larus ridibundus especially common in winter.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Water management at Biviere di Lentini is the main threat (`Other' threat). The aqueduct for filling the reservoir has never been built, but its completion remains a possibility, and would destroy the wetland complex at this site. Some or all of the site is covered by a management plan.
National Partial International Unknown400 ha of IBA covered by Regional Nature Reserve (Oasi del Simeto, 1,859 ha). Overlaps with SPA.
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 05/02/2023.