IT163
Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2002

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT breeding 1992-2001 5-25 breeding pairs A1, C1, C2, C6
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT winter 1992-2001 50-300 individuals A1, C1, C6
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC breeding 1992-2001 2-6 breeding pairs C6
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC winter 1992-2001 4-12 individuals C6
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC winter 1992-2001 30-100 individuals C6
Ixobrychus minutus NR breeding 1992-2001 80-150 breeding pairs C2, C6
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides LC breeding 1992-2001 100 breeding pairs C6
Egretta garzetta NR winter 1992-2001 50-200 individuals C6
Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria LC winter 1992-2001 200-750 individuals C6
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata NT winter 1992-2001 40-200 individuals B2
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus LC winter 1992-2001 100-150 individuals C6
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC winter 1992-2001 10-200 individuals C6
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus LC winter 1992-2001 50-150 individuals C6
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1992-2001 27,000-48,000 individuals A4iii, C4

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 very high very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (unknown use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Wetlands (inland) 500 150 - moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck 25 5 breeding pairs 20 very unfavourable
Porphyrio porphyrio Purple Swamphen 100 60 breeding pairs 60 unfavourable
Ixobrychus minutus 125 20 breeding pairs 16 very unfavourable
Ardea purpurea Purple Heron 5 0 breeding pairs 0 very unfavourable
Charadrius alexandrinus 10 0 breeding pairs 0 very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation No management planning has taken place Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Tratto di Pietralunga del Fiume Simeto Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 748 protected area overlaps with site 171
Riserva naturale Oasi del Simeto Regional/Provincial Nature Reserve 1,859 protected area overlaps with site 400
Foce del Fiume Simeto e Lago Gornalunga Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1,837 protected area overlaps with site 1,094
Biviere di Lentini, tratto mediano e foce del Fiume Simeto e area antistante la foce Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 1,946 protected area overlaps with site 3,116

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Rivers and streams, Water fringe vegetation -
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches, Salt marshes, Lagoons -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
water management -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/05/2019.