Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2000

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus LC passage 1996 101-500 individuals B1i, C2
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana LC breeding 1996 45-70 breeding pairs B3, C6
Common Crane Grus grus LC passage 1996 101-500 individuals B1i, C2
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris LC breeding 1996 10-11 breeding pairs B2, C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2010 high very unfavourable high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Porzana porzana Spotted Crake 30 10 breeding pairs 34 very unfavourable
Botaurus stellaris Eurasian Bittern 10 9 breeding pairs 90 near favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
TIKKALEHTO Yksityinen luonnonsuojelualue 2 protected area overlaps with site 0
Siikalahti; Sammallampi, Rautalahti Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 682 protected area overlaps with site 420
Siikalahti Bay Area Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 682 protected area contains site 0
Siikalahti Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 465 protected area overlaps with site 364
Ripala Yksityinen luonnonsuojelualue 15 protected area overlaps with site 0
Parikkalan Sammallammen luonnonsuojelualue Yksityinen luonnonsuojelualue 78 protected area overlaps with site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Mixed woodland -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater -
Unknown -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
tourism/recreation -
not utilised -
unknown -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake. Downloaded from on 10/08/2022.