A mountain range dominated by scrub and grassland. There are also Pinus plantations, some native Pinus forest and broadleaved deciduous forest. The main human activities are livestock-farming, game hunting and recreation.
This is an important area for breeding raptors and species characteristic of Mediterranean habitats.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threats are from overgrazing and development associated with tourism. There has been a management plan since 1994.
National Partial International Partial35,430 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Sierra Nevada, 35,430 ha). 171,646 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Sierra Nevada, 171,646 ha). 171,646 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Sierra Nevada, 171,646 ha).
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sierra Nevada mountain range. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 23/03/2023.