JO010
Shaumari


Country/territory: Jordan

IBA Criteria met: A3, A4i, B1i, B2 (2000)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 32,200 ha

Protection status:

Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 low not assessed medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here


Site description
Low-relief, chert 'hammada' desert at 500-600 m intersected by broad, sandy wadi spreads draining into Qa al Azraq and only flowing after occasional winter or spring floods. Shaumari Wildlife Reserve (31°48'N 36°49'E, 2,200 ha) is strongly fenced to exclude domestic livestock and trespassers, and the vegetation is in markedly better condition than in the adjacent Azraq Desert Grazing Reserve (32,000 ha) and other surrounding, grazed areas. The Grazing Reserve was also fenced but this is now in disrepair. Wadis are dominated by sparse scrub of Tamarix, Retama, Amygdalus, Artemisia, Achillea and Atriplex, which however forms relatively luxuriant bushland within the Wildlife Reserve; there are flat gravel and silt areas in between wadis. Wadi al Butm (31°50'N 36°35'E, 1,000 ha; also called Wadi Usaymir), in the Grazing Reserve, is notable for the mature Pistacia atlantica trees which line it, and has occasional flood-pools in winter. The HQ of the Wildlife Reserve has many eucalyptus and casuarina trees. Main human activities are nomadic pastoralism, tourism (frescos at Qasr Amra) and picnicing.

Key biodiversity
See box for key species. A representative desert bird community, with potentially up to nine breeding lark species including Ramphocoris clotbey and Eremophila bilopha. Other known or probable breeding species include Buteo rufinus, Alectoris chukar, Cursorius cursor, Pterocles orientalis, P. alchata, Tyto alba, Oenanthe deserti, O. moesta, Scotocerca inquieta, Lanius excubitor, Rhodopechys githaginea and R. obsoleta. Winter visitors include Eudromias morinellus, Columba oenas (500, December), Asio otus (a roost at the HQ) and Miliaria calandra (300, January); the wintering flock of Grus grus (see box) also frequents Azraq oasis (see site 009). The area is visited by a wide variety of migrants, including Circus pygargus (8, September), Streptopelia turtur (150, May), Oenanthe cypriaca (one record) and Emberiza caesia. Reintroduction of Struthio camelus is ongoing.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Caracal caracal (rare); reintroduction of extinct fauna such as Oryx leucoryx (currently c.130 individuals), Gazella subgutturosa and Equus hemionus onager is ongoing. Reptiles: Varanus griseus (rare) probably occurs.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Shaumari. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/09/2019.