Tugai forests with Populus, Salix in the Kura valley and remnants of tugai forests in the Iori delta (Mingechaur reservoir). There are also pastures, semi-arid steppe and scrub. Land-uses include grazing (buffalo and sheep) and some cultivation/arable farming.
Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (visitor throughout the year, formerly bred). Significant proportion (³1%) of national population breeding at site: Phalacrocorax carbo (15-20 pairs), Aquila pomarina (2-3 pairs, possibly more). Other breeding birds include Alcedo atthis (very common), Coracias garrulus (common) and woodpeckers. Ciconia nigra (status uncertain, probably breeds).
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Shamkhor area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/07/2020.