Shallal ad-Dahna

Country/territory: Saudi Arabia

IBA criteria met: B2, B3 (1994)
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Area: 6,800 ha

IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2013 not assessed very high negligible
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Site description (1994 baseline)
Shallal ad-Dahna lies 90 km north of Abha on the road to Taif and comprises broken granite hill country at 2,400-2,700 m covered with Juniperus and Acacia scrub. The site contains one of the very few permanent waterfalls of the country, and a pool.

Key biodiversity
See box for key species. The main interest is the presence of the isolated and distinctive endemic race Pica pica asirensis (3 pairs). Other breeding species include Phylloscopus umbrovirens, Ploceus galbula and Corvus rhipidurus. Further surveys would be advantageous.

Non-bird biodiversity: The fauna is unusually rich in Palearctic relict species; vertebrate species include the shrew Crocidura russula, the snake Eirenis coronella fennelli, the toad Bufo viridis, and the frogs Rana ridibunda and Hyla savignyi.

Data-sheet compiled by A. Stagg and P. Symens.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Shallal ad-Dahna. Downloaded from on 20/02/2024.