Shahdidi spit

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2005 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus LC winter 1996-2004 45-103 individuals B1i, B3
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna LC winter 1996-2004 10-2,213 individuals B1i
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina LC winter 1996-2004 500-9,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Pochard Aythya ferina VU winter 1996-2004 2,000-5,600 individuals B1i
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT winter 1996-2004 22 individuals A1
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula LC passage 1996 min 10,000 individuals B1i
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula LC winter 1996-2004 8,645-15,043 individuals B1i
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos LC winter 1996-2004 1,150-23,000 individuals B1i
Common Coot Fulica atra LC passage 1996-2004 4,600-40,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo LC passage 1996-2004 200-30,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans LC breeding 1996-2004 3,000 breeding pairs B1i
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC breeding 1996-2004 6,000 breeding pairs B1i
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC breeding 1996-2004 2,000 breeding pairs B1i, B2
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a breeding 1996-2004 20,000-49,999 individuals A4iii
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 1996-2004 20,000-49,999 individuals A4iii
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1996-2004 20,000-49,999 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2005).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Absheron National Park National Park 784 protected area contained by site 783

Local Conservation Groups

The Local Conservation Groups listed below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
info avialable at AOS 2005
For more information on BirdLife's work with Local Conservation Groups, please click here.


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water, Water fringe vegetation, Sand dunes and beaches -
Desert Semidesert -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
military -
nature conservation and research -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Shahdidi spit. Downloaded from on 02/10/2023.