Sebkhet Sidi El Hani

Country/territory: Tunisia

IBA Criteria met: A4i (2001)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 36,000 ha

Protection status:

Association "Les Amis des Oiseaux"
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2001 high favourable negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
The site, the third-largest salt-lake in Tunisia, is located 25 km south-west of Sousse and 20 km east-south-east of Kairouan. It usually dries out in summer, but occasionally retains water all year. Salinity is very high and salt crystals sometimes remain on the substrate even when there is water in the lake. The vegetation is mainly halophytic with Arthrocnemum, Salicornia and Suaeda species as dominants.

Key biodiversity
See Box for key species. The main importance of Sidi el Hani is that it is big enough in very wet years to provide security for Phoenicopterus ruber to nest on the uninhabited islands in the centre. Wintering Grus grus which feed on the surrounding plains may also roost on the water. In very wet years, the salinity of the water may decrease sufficiently to provide wintering habitat for other waterbirds. In addition, three species of the Mediterranean North Africa biome (A01) have been recorded (see Table 2).

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sebkhet Sidi El Hani. Downloaded from on 04/12/2020.