Sebkhet Halk el Menzel

Country/territory: Tunisia

IBA Criteria met: A4i (2010)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 1,000 ha

Association "Les Amis des Oiseaux"
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2009 not assessed very unfavourable low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
Like Sidi Khelifa (site TN016), situated some 30 km north along the coast, Sebkhet Halk el Menzel is partly coastal lagoon, partly saline depression, but is also linked to the inland sites of Kelbia (site TN020) and Oued Sed (TN018). In very wet years, Kelbia flows out to the sea, via Oued Sed, and reaches the sea through Halk el Menzel. It is likely that the freshwater springs round Oued Sed contribute to provision of water for Halk el Menzel in the summer, and there may be some reverse flood of seawater through the dune cordon, since Halk el Menzel retains some water in most summers. The surrounding vegetation is halophytic and includes Arthrocnemum, Salicornia and Atriplex species.

Key biodiversity
See Box for key species. The site’s location, on the coast along a major north–south flyway, with water available for most of the year, means that, in addition to overwintering species (such as Platalea leucorodia, a variety of ducks including Tadorna tadorna, Anas acuta and A. clypeata, and waders), the site attracts many passing migrants, including waders such as Limosa limosa, Numenius arquata, N. phaeopus and terns. In winters, when other roosting sites are dry, Grus grus may use the site as a roost. Breeding birds include Sterna albifrons and, possibly, the occasional S. hirundo, as well as Charadrius alexandrinus and some T. tadorna.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sebkhet Halk el Menzel. Downloaded from on 06/07/2022.