Sebkhet Ennoual

Country/territory: Tunisia

IBA criteria met: A3, A4i (2001)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 3,000 ha

Association "Les Amis des Oiseaux"
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2009 very unfavourable medium low
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (2001 baseline)
The site is a salt depression situated 70 km south-west of the town of Sfax and forms the southern border of Bouhedma National Park (site TN028). The surrounding area, included in the IBA, is semi-desert grassland in which the dominant plant species include Arthrophytum scoparium and Astragalus armatus. The sebkha itself supports a halophytic vegetation which includes Arthrocnemum and Salicornia species.

Key biodiversity
See Box and Table 2 for key species. Other waterbirds that winter on the salt-flats, especially in years of good rainfall when the water is less saline, include Ardea cinerea, Egretta garzetta, Tadorna tadorna, T. ferruginea, Anas clypeata and Grus grus. The areas around the sebkha also hold Chlamydotis undulata, Charadrius morinellus (in winter), Cursorius cursor, Pterocles orientalis, Lanius excubitor, Scotocerca inquieta and Emberiza striolata.

Non-bird biodiversity: The mammal Gazella dorcas (VU) has been recorded.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Sebkhet Ennoual. Downloaded from on 27/09/2023.