Country/territory: Iraq

IBA Criteria met: A1 (2017)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 5,235 ha

Protection status:

Nature Iraq
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2014 very high not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
This is a mountainous area characterized by rocky ridges and valleys located just to the north of Peramagroon Mountain (IQ027).

Key biodiversity
During the surveys, a total of 68 species were recorded. The site also held breeding populations of four Mediterranean, four Irano-Turanian and one Sahara-Sindian Desert biome-restricted species but these did not trigger inclusion under criterion A3. European Roller Coracias garrulus and Eastern Cinereous Bunting Emberiza (both Near Threatened) were also breeding. Other Important Fauna: The only non-avian observations were for fish, which were surveyed in 2007 during which four species were reported. According to Coad’s (2010) criteria, significant species were: Alburnus mossulensis, Cyprinion macrostomum, and Garra rufa. Additionally, Alburnus caeruleus was documented, whose conservation status in Iraq is unknown. Additional Plant & Habitat Information: This site contains a good population of Crataegus azarolus and Pistacia eurycarpa, which are economically and culturally important and Aegilops triuncialis, Avena fatua, Poa sp. and Vitis vinifera, which are important as genetic resources.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sargalu. Downloaded from on 24/01/2020.