Sardarpur Wildlife Sanctuary

Country/territory: India

IBA Criteria met: A1 (2004)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 34,812 ha

Bombay Natural History Society
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2003 low not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
Sardarpur Kharmor Sanctuary was established on the recommendations of Sâlim Ali for the protection of the Lesser Florican Sypheotides indica. A survey was conducted during 1981 by P. M. Lad, the then Director, Van Vihar, Bhopal, and later Conservator of Forests, on the recommendation of Sâlim Ali. During this survey, it was found that the Lesser Florican is present in around 14 villages near Sardarpur taluka in Dhar district. Accordingly, a sanctuary was constituted and notified vide order No. 2410-X-2-83, dated June 4, 1983 by the Government of Madhya Pradesh. Sardarpur is located close to Rajgarhnagar on the Indore- Ahmedabad road, about 55 km from the district headquarters of Dhar and 125 km from Indore. Most of the area of the Sanctuary is treeless, and dominated by the grass species Sehima nervosum-Chrysopogon fulvus type. Other grass species are Heteropogon contortus, Apluda mutica, Cymbopogon martinii, Aristida funiculata and species of genera Brachiaria, Eragrostis, Dicanthium, Digitaria, Setaria, Bothriocloa and Pseudoanthistiria. Prosopis chilensis, Zizyphus jujuba, Acacia catechu and Butea monosperma trees are found growing singly in the Sanctuary area.

Key biodiversity

AVIFAUNA: The Lesser Florican is seen only during the breeding season. It arrives at the onset of monsoon by the end of June or beginning of July, and leaves by the end of October or in November. A mosaic of grasslands and agricultural fields are present in this Sanctuary. The Florican is mostly found in protected grasslands. During 1984, nine males were sighted in Chadawat, Dhulat- Rajabheda, Karnawat and Pipami grasslands, while 7 were seen in 1989 (Sankaran and Rahmani 1990). In the 2,700 ha Panpura grasslands, no florican was sighted at that time. But now, 4-8 males are regularly seen (P. M. Lad pers. comm. 2002). As private and government grasslands have decreased in size and deteriorated in quality due to over-grazing, the birds could have shifted to Panpura, which is protected by the Forest Department. No work has been done on the bird life of this Sanctuary but it could not be very different from Sailana Kharmor Sanctuary.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Sardarpur Kharmor Sanctuary does not have large ungulates or predators (except for a stray record of Leopard Panthera pardus).

Smaller mammals include the Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Indian Fox Vulpes bengalensis, and Common Langur Semnopithecus entellus.

Key contributors: P. M. Lad, Asad R. Rahmani and R.N. Saxena.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sardarpur Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 06/12/2021.