Sandwich Harbour

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor NT non-breeding - common A1
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC non-breeding - 2,480-11,900 individuals A4i
Cape Cormorant Phalacrocorax capensis EN non-breeding - 4,230-25,300 individuals A1, A4i
African Oystercatcher Haematopus moquini LC non-breeding - 20-90 individuals A1, A4i
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC non-breeding - 120-940 individuals A4i
White-fronted Plover Charadrius marginatus LC non-breeding - 440-2,540 individuals A4i
Chestnut-banded Plover Charadrius pallidus LC non-breeding - 170-5,590 individuals A4i
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres LC winter - 402-2,260 individuals A4i
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea NT winter - 3,580-43,680 individuals A4i
Sanderling Calidris alba LC winter - 1,630-14,160 individuals A4i
Little Stint Calidris minuta LC winter - 3,590-30,480 individuals A4i
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus LC non-breeding - 280-3,200 individuals A4i
Damara Tern Sternula balaenarum LC non-breeding - 50-300 individuals A1, A4i
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia LC non-breeding - 30-168 individuals A4i
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC winter - 4,610-42,000 individuals A4i
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC winter - 200-3,660 individuals A4i
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii LC non-breeding - 80-820 individuals A4i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding - 50,000-99,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2001 high not assessed not assessed
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Sandwich Harbour Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 16,500 protected area overlaps with site 8,500
Namib-Naukluft National Park 5,076,600 protected area overlaps with site 8,500
Namib Sand Sea World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 3,077,700 protected area overlaps with site 7,892


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
Grassland -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sandwich Harbour. Downloaded from on 06/07/2022.