KE033
Samburu and Buffalo Springs National Reserves


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Vulturine Guineafowl Acryllium vulturinum LC resident 1999 present A3
Yellow-necked Francolin Pternistis leucoscepus LC resident 1999 present A3
Black-faced Sandgrouse Pterocles decoratus LC resident 1999 present A3
Sombre Nightjar Caprimulgus fraenatus LC resident 1999 present A3
Donaldson-Smith's Nightjar Caprimulgus donaldsoni LC resident 1999 present A3
White-bellied Go-away-bird Criniferoides leucogaster LC resident 1999 present A3
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus LC resident 1999 present A3
White-headed Mousebird Colius leucocephalus LC resident 1999 present A3
Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris LC resident 1999 present A3
Von der Decken's Hornbill Tockus deckeni LC resident 1999 present A3
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor LC resident 1999 present A3
Somali Bee-eater Merops revoilii LC resident 1999 present A3
D'Arnaud's Barbet Trachyphonus darnaudii LC resident 1999 present A3
Red-and-yellow Barbet Trachyphonus erythrocephalus LC resident 1999 present A3
Black-throated Barbet Tricholaema melanocephala LC resident 1999 present A3
Red-bellied Parrot Poicephalus rufiventris LC resident 1999 present A3
Pringle's Puffback Dryoscopus pringlii LC resident 1999 present A3
Three-streaked Tchagra Tchagra jamesi LC resident 1999 present A3
Rosy-patched Bush-shrike Rhodophoneus cruentus LC resident 1999 present A3
Long-tailed Fiscal Lanius cabanisi LC resident 1999 present A3
Taita Fiscal Lanius dorsalis LC resident 1999 present A3
Somali Tit Melaniparus thruppi LC resident 1999 present A3
Mouse-coloured Penduline-tit Anthoscopus musculus LC resident 1999 present A3
Chestnut-headed Sparrow-lark Eremopterix signatus LC resident 1999 present A3
Pink-breasted Lark Calendulauda poecilosterna LC resident 1999 present A3
Red-winged Lark Mirafra hypermetra LC resident 1999 present A3
Somali Short-toed Lark Alaudala somalica LC resident 1999 present A3
Somali Crombec Sylvietta isabellina LC resident 1999 present A3
Yellow-vented Eremomela Eremomela flavicrissalis LC resident 1999 present A3
Grey Wren-warbler Calamonastes simplex LC resident 1999 present A3
Ashy Cisticola Cisticola cinereolus LC resident 1999 present A3
Tiny Cisticola Cisticola nana LC resident 1999 present A3
Pale Prinia Prinia somalica LC resident 1999 present A3
Banded Warbler Curruca boehmi LC resident 1999 present A3
Kenya White-eye Zosterops flavilateralis LC resident 1999 present A3
Rufous Chatterer Argya rubiginosa LC resident 1999 present A3
Bristle-crowned Starling Onychognathus salvadorii LC resident 1999 present A3
Magpie Starling Speculipastor bicolor LC resident 1999 present A3
Hildebrandt's Starling Lamprotornis hildebrandti LC resident 1999 present A3
Golden-breasted Starling Lamprotornis regius LC resident 1999 present A3
Fischer's Starling Lamprotornis fischeri LC resident 1999 present A3
Bare-eyed Thrush Turdus tephronotus LC resident 1999 present A3
African Grey Flycatcher Bradornis microrhynchus LC resident 1999 present A3
Brown-tailed Chat Oenanthe scotocerca LC resident 1999 present A3
Eastern Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis LC resident 1999 present A3
Hunter's Sunbird Chalcomitra hunteri LC resident 1999 present A3
Black-bellied Sunbird Cinnyris nectarinioides LC resident 1999 present A3
Shining Sunbird Cinnyris habessinicus LC resident 1999 present A3
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli LC resident 1999 present A3
Donaldson-Smith's Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser donaldsoni LC resident 1999 present A3
Black-capped Social-weaver Pseudonigrita cabanisi LC resident 1999 present A3
Fire-fronted Bishop Euplectes diadematus LC resident 1999 present A3
Golden Palm Weaver Ploceus bojeri LC resident 1999 present A3
Purple Grenadier Granatina ianthinogaster LC resident 1999 present A3
Blue-capped Cordon-bleu Uraeginthus cyanocephalus LC resident 1999 present A3
Black-cheeked Waxbill Estrilda charmosyna LC resident 1999 present A3
Grey-headed Silverbill Odontospiza griseicapilla LC resident 1999 present A3
Steel-blue Whydah Vidua hypocherina LC resident 1999 present A3
Straw-tailed Whydah Vidua fischeri LC resident 1999 present A3
Golden Pipit Tmetothylacus tenellus LC resident 1999 present A3
White-bellied Canary Crithagra dorsostriata LC resident 1999 present A3
Somali Bunting Emberiza poliopleura LC resident 1999 present A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2021 high unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors flight paths happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Grassland Grassland - edaphic, dry 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
West Gate Community Conservancy Community Nature Reserve 36,253 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Samburu National Reserve 16,500 protected area overlaps with site 16,500
Nasuulu Community Wildlife Conservancy Community Nature Reserve 34,601 protected area overlaps with site 0
Nakuprat-Gotu Community Conservancy Community Nature Reserve 71,992 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Kalama Community Wildlife Conservancy Community Nature Reserve 49,674 protected area overlaps with site 0
Buffalo Springs National Reserve 13,100 protected area overlaps with site 13,100

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Woodland - riparian, Lowland forest - riparian -
Grassland Grassland - edaphic, dry -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Samburu and Buffalo Springs National Reserves. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/02/2023.