The IBA is the site of a former large lake, drained at the beginning of the 20th century. Standing fresh water, reedbeds (Phragmites) and wet ruderal areas exist with arable land on higher sites.
The site is important for breeding and roosting waterbirds.
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Salziger See and Salza valley. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/10/2019.