A predominantly freshwater coastal lagoon (c.1.1 km long) in the built-up municipal area of Salalah, fed by seepage from a tributary wadi; the sand barrier is occasionally breached by wadi floods. There are extensive stands of Phragmites, Juncus and sedges. Freshwater inflow has been controlled as part of measures to reduce flood damage in the town.
See box for key species. Other notable species in winter and on migration are Philomachus pugnax (400, October) and Tringa stagnatilis (48, November). A wide variety of waterbirds occur, including interesting numbers of unusual species such as Nettapus coromandelianus (14, April), Hydrophasianus chirurgus (20, February) and Pluvialis fulva (106, November). At least 148 species have been recorded.
Non-bird biodiversity: Flora: at least three species on the Salalah coastal plain are endemic or near-endemic to Oman, and some may be present at this site.
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Salalah Bird Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/07/2020.