Roncesvalles-Irati-Abodi mountain range

Country/territory: Spain

IBA Criteria met: A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iv, B1i, B1iii, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C5, C6 (2011)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 43,832 ha

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 high not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
A mountainous area along the border with France. The site has extensive Fagus and Abies forests, including the largest Fagus forest in Spain. The main human activities are forestry, livestock-farming and hunting.

Key biodiversity
The site is very important for forest species. In particular it holds 90% of the Iberian population of Dendrocopos leucotos as well as breeding Dryocopus martius. The site is a major migratory bottleneck, where more than 20,000 cranes and more than 3,000 raptors regularly pass in autumn, including Pernis apivorus (mean 5,235 per season), Milvus milvus (mean 2,072 per season) and Grus grus (maximum 20,100).

Raptors MOU - IBA listed under Table 3 of the Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Roncesvalles-Irati-Abodi mountain range. Downloaded from on 08/10/2022.