Rock of Gibraltar

Country/territory: Gibraltar (to UK)

IBA Criteria met: A1, A4iv, B1iv, B2, C1, C5 (2000)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 600 ha

Gibraltar Ornithological and Natural History Society

Site description
The Rock of Gibraltar is dominated by a dense cover of maquis and garrigue, including many important fruit-bearing shrubs that support large passerine populations on passage and during the winter.

Key biodiversity
Gibraltar is a well-known migratory bottleneck site for birds of prey, with an estimated 250,000 raptors crossing the Strait in a season. If the winds are right then most of these pass over Gibraltar, and numbers may in fact be higher. It is also a stop-over site for passerines and near-passerines, with a rapid turnover of birds on passage during both northward and southward migration.

Raptors MOU - IBA listed under Table 3 of the Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rock of Gibraltar. Downloaded from on 01/04/2023.