Red Lake

Country/territory: Azerbaijan

IBA criteria met: A1, A4i, B1i (2005)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 500 ha

IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2013 very unfavourable very high negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (2009 baseline)
Formerly Red Lake was a part of Caspian Sea. In the result of decreasing the sea level, this part of the sea is separated and turned to the lake. The water of the lake is salty. The road directed to Baku city divides lake into two part: the south part of the lake is oil polluted and also salty, but the north-eastern part is very important for migration and wintering birds. 1/3 part of the lake is reedy.

Key biodiversity
In 1997-2010 years, there were recorded 3593-8253 waterbirds in winter: Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) 113-570 individuals; Eurasian Teal ( Anas crecca) 345-1050 individuals; Common Pochard (Aythya ferina) 109-198 individuals; Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula) 55-7700 individuals; Common Coot (Fulica atra) 0-566 individuals; Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) 13-38 individuals; Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmaeus) 0-22 individuals; Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) 0-12 individuals; Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) 0- 2 individuals; Western Marsh-harrier (Circus aeruginosus) 5 - 13 individuals; Greater Scaup (Aythya marila) 0-42 individuals; Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) 0-258 individuals; Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) (there was recorded 98 Mute Swan / Whooper Swan in 25.01.08).
Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis), Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus), Garganey (Anas querquedula), Marbled Teal (Marmaronetta angustirostris), Common Redshank (Tringa totanus), Common Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus) occur in breeding time at site.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Red Lake. Downloaded from on 30/11/2023.