Rawaki (Phoenix Island)

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2012

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Polynesian Storm-petrel Nesofregetta fuliginosa EN breeding 2006 20 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Phoenix Petrel Pterodroma alba VU breeding 2009 30 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Christmas Shearwater Puffinus nativitatis LC breeding 2006 500 breeding pairs A4ii
Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel LC breeding 2006 4,300 breeding pairs A4ii
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus LC breeding 2009 5,000 breeding pairs A4i
Blue Noddy Anous ceruleus LC breeding 2009 3,000 breeding pairs A4i
Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus LC breeding 2009 300,000 breeding pairs A4i
Grey-backed Tern Onychoprion lunatus LC breeding 2009 1,000 breeding pairs A4i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a - 2009 309,000 breeding pairs A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 high not assessed not assessed
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Nesofregetta fuliginosa Polynesian Storm-petrel 500 80 individuals 16 very unfavourable
Pterodroma alba Phoenix Petrel 225 30 individuals 14 very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Rawaki (Phoenix) Island Wildlife Sanctuary 6,500 protected area contains site 74
Phoenix Islands Protected Area World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 40,825,000 protected area contains site 74
Phoenix Islands Protected Area Protected Area 39,744,700 protected area contains site 74

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rawaki (Phoenix Island). Downloaded from on 15/08/2022.