Ras Al Khor Wildlife Sanctuary (Khor Dubai)

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2017

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC non-breeding 2014-2017 1,500-6,000 individuals A4, B3a
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus LC non-breeding 2014-2017 700-4,000 individuals A4, B3a
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus LC winter 2014-2017 2,000-10,000 individuals B3a
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU winter 2014-2017 20-30 individuals A1
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 2014-2017 8,150-27,800 individuals B3b

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2017 high very unfavourable high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Marine Intertidal 0 0 good (> 90%) poor (40-69%) unfavourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo 3750 3750 individuals 100 favourable
Pluvialis squatarola Grey Plover 440 400 individuals 91 favourable
Charadrius alexandrinus Kentish Plover 1300 2350 individuals 100 favourable
Charadrius mongolus Lesser Sandplover 1900 700 individuals 37 very unfavourable
Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew 250 50 individuals 20 very unfavourable
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit 1000 350 individuals 35 very unfavourable
Calidris falcinellus Broad-billed Sandpiper 530 200 individuals 38 very unfavourable
Calidris alpina Dunlin 2000 3000 individuals 100 favourable
Tringa totanus Common Redshank 460 100 individuals 22 very unfavourable
Larus ridibundus Black-headed Gull 2500 6000 individuals 100 favourable
Clanga clanga Greater Spotted Eagle 8 25 individuals 100 favourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 19000 18000 individuals 95 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Ras Al Khor Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 1,013 is identical to site 620
Ras Al Khawr Wildlife Sanctuary Wildlife Sanctuary 620 is identical to site 620


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Marine Neritic -
Marine Intertidal -
Forest Subtropical & tropical mangrove -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
urban/industrial/transport -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Land ownership
Dubai Municipality.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ras Al Khor Wildlife Sanctuary (Khor Dubai). Downloaded from on 10/08/2022.