Ras al Hadd

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1994 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Persian Shearwater Puffinus persicus LC non-breeding 1993 1,000 individuals B1ii, B2
Haematopus ostralegus NR winter 1988-1992 144-471 individuals B1i
Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus LC winter 1988-1992 186-335 individuals B1i
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus LC passage 1993 10,000 individuals B1i
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei LC winter 1989-1992 1,459-4,700 individuals A4i, B1i
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus LC winter 1988-1992 792-3,500 individuals A4i, B1i
Pallas's Gull Larus ichthyaetus LC winter 1988-1992 457-1,015 individuals A4i, B1i
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii LC winter 1988-1992 854-2,686 individuals A4i, B1i
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus LC winter 1989-1992 1,849-2,679 individuals A4i, B1i
Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans LC winter 1989-1992 3,697-5,359 individuals B1i
Saunders's Tern Sternula saundersi LC passage 1993 400 individuals A4i, B1i, B3
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC winter 1988-1992 939-2,403 individuals A4i, B1i
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii LC winter 1988-1992 468-1,200 individuals B1i

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1994).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Ra's Al Hadd Nature Reserve 12,000 protected area contains site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Marine Neritic -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
unknown -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Ras al Hadd. Downloaded from on 22/09/2023.