Qishran Bay

Country/territory: Saudi Arabia

IBA criteria met: B1i, B2, B3 (1994)
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Area: 400,000 ha

IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2013 very high not assessed negligible
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Site description (baseline)
A shallow bay of 15 × 35 km, almost closed by a long narrow island, and containing eight other islets. It is situated at a point where the Asir mountains run close to the Red Sea. Most of the islets are surrounded by mangrove Avicennia trees and clothed with dense Salicornia, and there are seagrass beds in the bay.

Key biodiversity
See box for key species. The site holds the densest population of Falco concolor in Saudi Arabia and probably in the world, and at least 50 pairs of Sterna anaethetus breed. The coastal topography concentrates migrants moving down the coast.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Dugong dugon (V). Reptiles: the sea-turtles Eretmochelys imbricata (E) and Chelonia mydas (E) breed.

Data-sheet compiled by P. Gaucher, with comments by P. Symens.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Qishran Bay. Downloaded from on 08/06/2023.