Pulau Simeulue

Country/territory: Indonesia

IBA criteria met: A1, A2, A3 (2001)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 180,000 ha

Burung Indonesia

Site description (baseline)
Describes as forsted hills up to 576 m asl. The site includes two fresh-water lakes: Danau Laut Tawar and Danau Etutuk, both reported to be rich in fish and crocodiles(Colijn 1999)

Key biodiversity
Secondary Endemic Bird Area selected based on Simeulue Scops-Owl Otus umbra and Silvery Wood-Pigeon Columba argentina present in this area (Stattersfield 1998). The important species in this area is Simeulue Scops-Owl Otus umbra the endemic species of Simeulue. This area also as habitat sub-species Psittacula alexandri cala that knows only live between Simeulue and Nias.

Non-bird biodiversity: Reported the endemic snake species Calamaria modesta live in this area , and there is some of turtles species (Colijn 1999). Other important fauna is Crocodylus porosus, Chelonia mydas, Eretmochelys imbricata, Dermochelys coriaceae, Dugong dugon and Varanus salvator (Colijn 1999).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Pulau Simeulue. Downloaded from on 11/06/2023.