Western part of this area is steep mountain covered by forest with rocky clift, while the eastern part is flat. There are two villages on the east coast. Local people very dependents on natural resources, terrestrial or marine (Moelliker & Heij 1995). Most of the people in Boano Island work as farmer, fisherman and working in melaleuca oil distillation.
Black-chinned Monarch Monarcha boanensis as Boano endemic has very small population (Moelliker &Heij 1996, BirdLife International 2001). This area is also a nesting ground for Moluccan Scrubfowl Eulipoa wallacei (BirdLife International 2001)
Non-bird biodiversity: Cervus timorensis moluccensis and Hydrosaurus amboinensis (Hitipeuw & Tuhumury 1999 Obs.pri.). Dugong dugon, Chelonia mydas, Eretmochelys imbricata (Monk et.al.1997).
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pulau Buano. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/08/2019.