Pirgulu (Pirkuli)

Site description (2000 baseline):

Site location and context
A reserve in three sections: the basin of the Kyrkbulak stream; Mount Pirgulu; wooded spurs east of Chagan. Habitats include open areas, ancient pasture, hay-meadows, cliffs, scree, open water, and Carpinus, Fagus, and Quercus forest.

Key biodiversity
Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aegypius monachus (status uncertain), Aquila heliaca (status uncertain). Breeding birds include: Pernis apivorus, Neophron percnopterus, Gyps fulvus (recorded in breeding season), Buteo buteo, Hieraaetus pennatus, Alectoris chukar and woodpeckers.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Prior to the establishment of the reserve (1968), the main threat was destruction of the forest habitat and consequent erosion. The present reserve is considered too small (an increase by c.4,000 ha is recommended) and its division into three separate sections a disadvantage. The fauna, including birds, has been little studied.

Protected areas
National High International None1,500 ha of IBA covered by Zapovednik (Pirgulu goryhy, 1,500 ha).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Pirgulu (Pirkuli). Downloaded from on 21/09/2023.