Picos de Europa mountain range

Country/territory: Spain

IBA criteria met: A1, A3, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6 (2011)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 136,543 ha

IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2008 very high favourable medium
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (baseline)
A rugged limestone karst landscape, with expanses of rocks, cliffs, two deep gorges and two small mountain lakes. Grasslands predominate, but in the lower areas there are extensive deciduous woods. Human activities include tourism, livestock-farming and game hunting.

Key biodiversity
Breeding birds include four of the 10 species in Europe that are restricted to the Eurasian high-montane biome (when breeding).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Picos de Europa mountain range. Downloaded from on 29/05/2023.