Parque Nacional Cotopaxi

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2005 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Andean Ibis Theristicus branickii NT resident 2003 present A4i
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus VU resident 2003 present A1

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2005).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
El Boliche Área Nacional de Recreación 395 protected area overlaps with site 0
Cotopaxi Parque Nacional 32,272 protected area overlaps with site 33,393


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Elfin forest, Second-growth or disturbed forest -
Grassland Paramo -
Introduced vegetation -
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes and pools -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research -
hunting -
forestry -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Parque Nacional Cotopaxi. Downloaded from on 02/10/2023.