|Most recent IBA monitoring assessment|
|Year of assessment||Threat score (pressure)||Condition score (state)||Action score (response)|
|2014||very high||not assessed||negligible|
|For more information about IBA monitoring please click here|
The geology of the area is sedimentary and the soil type is sandy clay. Kura Kazhaw Mountain, where there is a spring, is located in the south. A small stream flows through Nalparez District. The villages of Haji Mamand, Gweze Resh, Dolle Pemu, Deremyaneh and Sarkhwar surround the site
Additional Important Bird Observations: During the surveys, 53 species were observed. The site held breeding Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes (Eurasian Steppe and Desert biome-restricted species) as well as two Irano-Turanian and four Mediterranean biome-restricted species but these did not trigger inclusion under criterion A3. Eastern Cinereous Bunting Emberiza semenowi (Near Threatened) was breeding. Other Important Fauna: Data for mammals were collected in 2010 only. Locals reported the presence of Jungle Cat Felis chaus and recent wolf attacks on livestock. Also, in 2012 there was a report of a leopard kill on Kartoo Mountain near Mame Khelan village approximately 5 km north of Parazan. Direct observations were made of Persian Squirrel Sciurus anomalus, which is a Least Concern species but has a declining population trend overall and is heavily persecuted for the pet trade in Iraq. Fish data were not collected for this site. Additional Plant & Habitat Information: There is a good population of Anchusa italica, Gundelia tournefortii, Morus alba, and M. nigra, which are important as traditional foods and a vinyard containing Vitis venefira is also present, which is important as a genetic resource.
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Parazan. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/01/2020.