Country/territory: Iraq

IBA Criteria met: A1 (2017)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 3,617 ha

Protection status:

Nature Iraq
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2014 very high not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
The geology of the area is sedimentary and the soil type is sandy clay. Kura Kazhaw Mountain, where there is a spring, is located in the south. A small stream flows through Nalparez District. The villages of Haji Mamand, Gweze Resh, Dolle Pemu, Deremyaneh and Sarkhwar surround the site

Key biodiversity
Additional Important Bird Observations: During the surveys, 53 species were observed. The site held breeding Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes (Eurasian Steppe and Desert biome-restricted species) as well as two Irano-Turanian and four Mediterranean biome-restricted species but these did not trigger inclusion under criterion A3. Eastern Cinereous Bunting Emberiza semenowi (Near Threatened) was breeding. Other Important Fauna: Data for mammals were collected in 2010 only. Locals reported the presence of Jungle Cat Felis chaus and recent wolf attacks on livestock. Also, in 2012 there was a report of a leopard kill on Kartoo Mountain near Mame Khelan village approximately 5 km north of Parazan. Direct observations were made of Persian Squirrel Sciurus anomalus, which is a Least Concern species but has a declining population trend overall and is heavily persecuted for the pet trade in Iraq. Fish data were not collected for this site. Additional Plant & Habitat Information: There is a good population of Anchusa italica, Gundelia tournefortii, Morus alba, and M. nigra, which are important as traditional foods and a vinyard containing Vitis venefira is also present, which is important as a genetic resource.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Parazan. Downloaded from on 27/01/2020.