A shallow coastal lake, richly overgrown with Phragmites, Typha, Scirpus and surrounded by Carex meadows. An artificial channel connects the lake with the Baltic Sea. The lake is used for fishing and hunting.
The site holds 20,000 or more waterbirds on a regular basis, and hundreds of thousands (perhaps millions) of landbirds (diurnal raptors, owls, pigeons and passerines) migrate through the area in a narrow and well-defined stream (between the east coast of the lake and the seashore), mainly in autumn. Mixed flocks of up to 1,000 Anser fabalis/A. albifrons occur on autumn passage. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Anser erythropus (on passage), Haliaeetus albicilla (non-breeding), Crex crex (breeding), Acrocephalus paludicola (status unknown).
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Coastal-zone regulations protect the shoreline from development to some extent. Pape Reserve was established in 1977. This IBA and the nearby Nida bog (site 001) are included on the national `shadow list' of Ramsar Sites, and WWF produced a management plan for this combined area in 1996.
National Partial International None1,205 ha of IBA covered by Restricted Nature Territory (Pape, 1,205 ha).
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pape lake. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 25/09/2022.