IT104
Orbetello lagoon and Burano lake


Year of compilation: 2000

Site description
Two wetlands on the Tyrrhenian coast of southern Tuscany. Orbetello lagoon is large and brackish, divided in two by a strip of land and separated from the sea by two sandbars (Tombolo di Feniglia, Tombolo della Giannella) and by the promontory of Mount Argentario. Burano is a brackish lake, parallel to the coast, 7 km south of the lagoon. The main land-uses are nature conservation and aquaculture (the latter in Orbetello lagoon).



Key biodiversity
An important site for wintering waterbirds (more than 20,000 on a regular basis, e.g. 21,691 in January 1994), notably for Phoenicopterus ruber, and a key site for Numenius tenuirostris.



Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threats are the further development of fish-farming, urbanization and tourism. `Other' threat is water pollution.



Protected areas
National Partial International Partial474 ha of IBA covered by State Nature Reserve (Duna Feniglia, 474 ha). 360 ha of IBA covered by State Nature Reserve (Lago di Burano, 360 ha). 887 ha of IBA covered by State Nature Reserve (Laguna di ponente di Orbetello, 887 ha). 410 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Lago di Burano, 410 ha). 950 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Laguna di Ponente di Orbetello, 950 ha). 474 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Foresta di Protezione Duna Feniglia, 474 ha). 410 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Lago di Burano, 410 ha). 887 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Laguna di Orbetello (parte), 887 ha). 410 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Lago di Burano, 410 ha). 887 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Laguna di Orbetello, 887 ha).




Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Orbetello lagoon and Burano lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/11/2020.