Northwest Spitsbergen National Park

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2014 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Brent Goose Branta bernicla LC breeding 1990-2007 108 mature individuals A3, B1i, B3
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis LC breeding 1989 115-175 breeding pairs A3
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus LC breeding 1980-1988 present A3
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis VU breeding 2005-2014 unknown A1, A3
Common Eider Somateria mollissima NT breeding 1982-2010 5,100 mature individuals A3, B1i, B3
Sabine's Gull Xema sabini LC breeding 2007 26 mature individuals A3
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla VU breeding 1973-2011 45,600 mature individuals B1i
Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus LC breeding 1985-2011 670 mature individuals A3
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea LC breeding 1980-1988 1,500 breeding pairs A3
Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle LC breeding 1973-2011 1,272 mature individuals B1ii, B2
Little Auk Alle alle LC breeding 1978-2011 260,900 mature individuals A3, A4ii, B1ii
Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia LC breeding 1973-2011 101,300 mature individuals B1ii, B2
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 1973-2011 413,500 mature individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2014).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Svalbard West Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 2,004,400 protected area overlaps with site 0
Skorpa fuglereservat Naturreservater (Svalbard) 6 protected area contained by site 111
Nordvest-Spitsbergen nasjonalpark Nasjonalpark (Svalbard) 367,538 is identical to site 987,057
Moseøya fuglereservat Naturreservater (Svalbard) 31 protected area contained by site 142
Moffen naturreservat Naturreservater (Svalbard) 479 protected area contained by site 881
Guissezholmen fuglereservat Naturreservater (Svalbard) 1 protected area overlaps with site 42
Forlandet nasjonalpark Nasjonalpark (Svalbard) 61,172 protected area is adjacent to site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Tundra -
Marine Neritic -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Northwest Spitsbergen National Park. Downloaded from on 01/12/2023.