UK050
Northumbria Coast


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres LC passage 2001-2006 1,188 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres LC winter 2001-2006 953 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Common Redshank Tringa totanus LC winter 2001-2006 1,826 individuals B1i, C3
Little Tern Sternula albifrons LC breeding 2000 43 breeding pairs B2, C6
Little Tern Sternula albifrons LC breeding 2006 51 breeding pairs B2, C6
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea LC breeding 2000 1,200 breeding pairs C2, C6
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea LC breeding 2006 1,441 breeding pairs C2, C6
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 2001-2006 22,827 individuals A4iii, C4

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 high very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan 68 8 individuals 12 very unfavourable
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone 970 1188 individuals 100 favourable
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone 1130 953 individuals 85 near favourable
Calidris pugnax Ruff 38 3 individuals 8 very unfavourable
Calidris maritima Purple Sandpiper 535 186 individuals 35 very unfavourable
Tringa totanus Common Redshank 1060 1826 individuals 100 favourable
Sternula albifrons Little Tern 49 51 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern 245 1441 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation Unknown Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Tynemouth To Seaton Sluice Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 87 protected area overlaps with site 0
Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 1,252 protected area is adjacent to site 0
St Mary's Island Local Nature Reserve 45 protected area overlaps with site 0
Souter Lighthouse and The Leas Nature Reserve 113 protected area overlaps with site 0
Seahouses Nature Reserve 57 protected area overlaps with site 0
Northumbria Coast Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 1,108 protected area overlaps with site 1,032
Northumbria Coast Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 1,097 is identical to site 1,093
Northumberland Shore Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 1,889 protected area overlaps with site 790
Northumberland Marine Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 88,498 protected area overlaps with site 0
Northumberland Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty 13,345 protected area overlaps with site 581
North Northumberland Dunes Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1,127 protected area is adjacent to site 0
North Northumberland Heritage Coast 28,929 protected area overlaps with site 673
Newton Links Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 80 protected area overlaps with site 0
Low Hauxley Shore Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 58 protected area overlaps with site 0
Lindisfarne Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 3,973 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Lindisfarne Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Lindisfarne Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 3,671 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Lindisfarne Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 3,679 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Howick To Seaton Point Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 190 protected area overlaps with site 0
Hadston Links Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 107 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Durham Coast Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 390 protected area overlaps with site 0
Durham Coast Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 511 protected area overlaps with site 133
Durham Heritage Coast 2,546 protected area overlaps with site 0
Dunstanburgh and Newton Coast Nature Reserve 94 protected area overlaps with site 0
Cresswell and Newbiggin Shores Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 150 protected area overlaps with site 0
Coquet to St. Mary's Marine Conservation Zone 19,188 protected area overlaps with site 0
Castle Point To Cullernose Point Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 52 protected area overlaps with site 0
Berwickshire And North Northumberland Coast Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 65,226 protected area overlaps with site 0
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area overlaps with site 0
Bamburgh Coast and Hills Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 58 protected area overlaps with site 0
Amble Dunes Local Nature Reserve 53 protected area overlaps with site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland -
Marine Intertidal -
Marine Neritic -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Northumbria Coast. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/12/2022.