Northern slope of Guadarrama mountain range

Country/territory: Spain

IBA criteria met: A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6 (2011)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 69,910 ha

IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2007 not assessed very high medium
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (2000 baseline)
Northern slope of the Guadarrama mountain range in the Sistema Central with Quercus pyrenaica and Pinus sylvestris woodland and Q. rotundifolia below 1,000 m. There are also large areas of degraded scrub and above 1,800 m Cytisus and Juniperus scrub. The main human activities are cattle-farming, game hunting and skiing.

Key biodiversity
This is a very important area for breeding raptors. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Falco naumanni (4-5 breeding pairs).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Northern slope of Guadarrama mountain range. Downloaded from on 03/12/2023.