The North Coronie IBA has been established as a Multiple-use Management area (MUMA) in 2001 and has a size of approximately 27,000 ha of land and approximately an equal size of marine waters. The northern part is directly influenced by tide and the area is connected with the sea by a number of small creeks. Young Black mangrove forest (Avicennia germinans) occurs along the coast and also on the adjacent mudflats with by erosion uprooted mangrove trees at the older (eastern) parts of the mudflats.. Along rivers black and mixed red and black mangrove forests occur. South of the coastal mangrove forest there are short and tall grass swamps and scrub swamps with Machaerium lunatum Behind the mangrove forest there are some brackish short grass marshes and brackish open water lagoons. The water may vary from brackish to salt and water depth may reach to more than one meter in the rainy season. Many marshes and lagoons dry up in the dry season. In the slightly brackish part of the area Erythrina glauca and Pterocarpus officinalis wood swamps are occurring as well as Chrysobalanus icaco/Annona glabra swamp wood. South of the East-West Connecting road which runs through the area, there are permanent fresh water swamps of which a greater part is covered with predominantly Mauritia flexuosa. In some parts of the fresh water swamps some rice polders have been developed. The area is known for its high biological production, breeding and feeding grounds for large numbers of local and migratory bird species and nursery ground for fish and shrimp. It has a rich population of fish, shrimp, wildlife and crabs. Plenty people of the local population have their living in fisheries and hunting in the area. The area is also known for its beekeeping activities. The western part of the coastline is subject to severe erosion and a twelve kilometer long dike is now under construction to halt this erosion.
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Northern Coronie. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/12/2021.