Country/territory: South Sudan

IBA criteria met: A3 (2001)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 41,000 ha

Site description (2001 baseline)
Nimule National Park is located in the extreme south of the country on the border with Uganda. The White Nile forms the eastern border of the park for c.48 km. Beyond it, on the eastern bank, there is a buffer zone, bounded by the Assua river to the north and by the Juba–Nimule road to the east. The Kayu river flows through the park from the Uganda border to the White Nile. The topography is hilly and most of the park is covered with savanna woodland of Acacia spp., Balanites aegyptiaca and Combretum aculeatum. Riverine woodland, found along permanent and seasonal watercourses, is composed principally of Acacia sieberiana and Borassus aethiopium. The site is contiguous with two IBAs in Uganda; Mount Kei Forest Reserve (UG022) and Mount Otzi Forest Reserve (UG023).

Key biodiversity
See Box and Table 2 for key species.

Non-bird biodiversity: Populations of Loxodonta africana (EN) have been severely reduced by poaching. Other species of global conservation concern include Kobus kob (LR/cd), Tragelaphus ellipsiprymnus (LR/cd), T. spekii (LR/nt), Ourebia ourebi (LR/cd) and Redunca redunca (LR/cd).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Nimule. Downloaded from on 01/03/2024.