Nemrut Volcano

Country/territory: Turkey

IBA Criteria met: B1i, B2 (2004)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 33,490 ha

Doga Dernegi
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 medium near favourable low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
A 10 km wide volcanic crater situated west of Lake Van (site 096). Three crater lakes are surrounded by low scrub; the cliffs of the crater walls reach 690 m above the crater floor. Nemrut lake (1,250 ha; 150 m deep) is largely unvegetated, is fed by springs and snowmelt, and freezes in winter. Ilýca lake (30 ha; 8 m deep) is fed by hot springs and supports reedbeds (Phragmites). Domestic stock graze the flatter parts of the crater.

Key biodiversity
Gyps fulvus also breeds.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Nemrut Volcano. Downloaded from on 09/02/2023.