|Most recent IBA monitoring assessment|
|Year of assessment||Threat score (pressure)||Condition score (state)||Action score (response)|
|2013||very high||very unfavourable||high|
|For more information about IBA monitoring please click here|
Located c.100 km north of the town of Mkuze, Ndumo Game Reserve is situated on the Zululand coastal plain, with the altitude ranging from 22 to 120 m. It nestles at the eastern foot of the Lebombo mountains, at the junction of the Pongola and Usuthu flood-plain systems. The Pongola river runs through the reserve, from south to north, while the Usuthu river forms the northern border (which is also the international border with Mozambique). The topography is very flat, with a few small hills. There are two major semi-permanent flood-plain pans and many smaller permanent and ephemeral pans within the reserve.
See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. The rivers, flood-plains, pans, dams and vleis are important for many wetland birds, and species include Pelecanus onocrotalus, P. rufescens, Ciconia episcopus, Anastomus lamelligerus, Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis, Balearica regulorum, Phoenicopterus minor, Ardeola rufiventris, Gorsachius leuconotus, Microparra capensis> and Centropus grillii. The only recorded successful breeding of Anastomus lamelligerus in South Africa took place in Ndumo in 1972. The riverine forest holds Scotopelia peli and Podica senegalensis. This reserve is one of the few in KwaZulu-Natal that holds most of its original complement of raptors. The sand forest holds Nectarinia neergaardi (80–120 breeding pairs) and Hypargos margaritatus.
Non-bird biodiversity: Large mammals are well represented in Ndumo, including threatened species such as Ceratotherium simum (LR/cd) and Diceros bicornis (CR).
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ndumo Game Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2019.