The typical habitat in the Nanling mountains is broadleaf-evergreen forest, including areas of both primary and secondary forests. There are many peaks of over 1,000 m, including the highest mountain in Guangdong Province, Shikengkong at 1,902 m.
Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected plants include Fokienia hodginsii, Pinus kwangtungensis, Tsuga tckekiangensis, Amentotaxus argotaenia, Taxus chinensis and Pseudotaxus chienii.
Conservation responses/actions for key biodiversity
The IBA includes Nanling National Nature Reserve (58,924 ha), which was established in 1993, by combining Chengjia, Dadong Shan, Longtanjiao, Babao Shan and Dading Shan provincial-level nature reserves.